OVERVIEW OF MITIGATION
The climate change team currently supports member countries in implementing appropriate mitigation measures through renewable energy activities under the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Renewable Energy Project (PIGGAREP) extended to include Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) initiatives and energy efficiency as funds become available. Renewable Energy has become a priority issue at the national level and has been mainstreamed in national and sectoral policies, strategies, plans and/or roadmaps in most countries through the development of National Energy Policies and Sector Plans with greater emphasis on Renewable Energy setting targets reflecting their commitments to renewable energy development. The implementation of these sector plans and roadmaps is through a coordinated and consultative approach at all levels and relevant sectors at the national level with technical assistance from SPREP and other partners.
The Secretariat, through the PIGGAREP, has been instrumental in raising the profile of renewable energy in the PICs. With its software‐related focus, it has complemented bi‐lateral, regional and multilateral effort involving renewable energy hardware in the region. These are through targeted training workshops that address specific needs and current renewable energy developments of members, reviews and evaluation of renewable energy projects on the ground, conduct of resources monitoring and feasibility studies and the documentation and dissemination of best practices and lessons learnt from the renewable energy installations in and outside of the region.
PACIFIC ISLANDS GREENHOUSE GAS ABATEMENT THROUGH RENEWABLE ENERGY (PIGGAREP)
The Pacific Island Countries (PICs) are among the most vulnerable countries in the world to the adverse effects of climate change - the very existence of some PICs is threatened by climate change. Climate Change is a result of the concentration of greenhouse gases (GHG) like CO2 in the atmosphere. CO2 is released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burnt.
While the PICs continue to rely heavily on fossil fuels and only 30% of the population on average has access to electricity, they at the same time have some of the highest renewable energy (RE) potential per capita.
Offloading oil drums. (Photo: SPREP)
RE can reduce the PICs' dependence on fossil fuel thereby reducing the growth rate of GHG emissions from fossil fuel use. In addition, it can provide cleaner, more reliable and cost-effective energy services that are needed for the sustainable development of the PICs. However, this has been hindered / constrained by many barriers.
The PIGGAREP is a product of a Global Environment Facility (GEF) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - funded preparatory exercise, the Pacific Islands Renewable Energy Project (PIREP). The PIREP was completed in 2006 and the implementation of the PIGGAREP commenced in 2007.
The global environment and development goal of PIGGAREP is the reduction of the growth rate of GHG emissions from fossil fuel use in the PICs through the removal of the barriers to the widespread and cost effective use of feasible RE technologies. The specific objective of the project is the promotion of the productive use of RE to reduce GHG emission by removing the major barriers to the widespread and cost-effective use of commercially viable RE technologies (RETs).
Solomon Islands. (Photo: SPREP)
The PIGGAREP has completed four (4) of its 6.5 years of implementation and has led in Secretariat’s effort to support the renewable energy developments of member countries. The successful implementation of the PIGGAREP is estimated to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 30% by 2015 as compared to that in the Business as Usual scenario.
The PIGGAREP is funded by the Global Environment Facility and co-financing partners. The UNDP Multi-country Office at Samoa is the Principal Project Representative while the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) is the Implementing Partner. The UNDP country offices in Samoa, Fiji and PNG as well as UNDP-GEF provide guidance to both the PB and the PMO.
The overall direction and management of the PIGGAREP is by a Project Board (PB) comprising 3 representatives from UNDP including the Regional Technical Advisor, a representative of the SPREP Director, and 4 representatives (Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati and Nauri) from the 11 participating PICs. The PIGGAREP Project Manager acts as the Secretary to the Project Board.
The PIGGAREP Project Management Office (PMO) at SPREP is responsible for the day-to-day project operation and financial management and reporting. The PMO is staffed by a Project Manager and the Climate Change Mitigation Officer. The financial matters are handled by the Finance Division of SPREP
Click to view the list for PIGGAREP Project board members