Governance

  6

SPREP began life in the late 1970s as a joint initiative of SPC, SPEC, ESCAP and UNEP - eventually functioning as a component of UNEP's Regional Seas Programme. The Programme received further impetus as a result of the  1982 Conference on the Human Environment in the South Pacific. Following a period of expansion and long deliberations, SPREP left SPC in Noumea in 1992 and relocated to Samoa. It achieved autonomy as an independent inter-governmental organisation with the signing of the Agreement Establishing SPREP in Apia on 16 June 1993. 


SPREP (the  Secretariat) is the region’s competent inter-governmental organisation for environment and sustainable development, and is one of several inter-governmental agencies comprising the Council of Regional Organisations in the Pacific (CROP).

Under the Agreement, the purposes of SPREP are to promote co-operation in the South Pacific Region and to provide assistance in order to protect and improve the environment and to ensure sustainable development for present and future generations (Art.2). 

SPREP's vision is: the Pacific environment - sustaining our livelihoods and natural heritage in harmony with our cultures.


SPREP also functions as the Secretariat of 2 (formerly 3) regional conventions: the Noumea Convention, the Waigani Convention and the Apia Convention (suspended).   


Key information and documents

Agreement Establishing SPREP, 1993

Depositary: Government of Samoa
Done: in Apia, 16 June 1993
Entry into force: 31 August 1995

The organs of SPREP are the SPREP Meeting and the Secretariat.
There are currently 19 parties to the Agreement: 14 Pacific island countries and 5 countries with direct interests in the region. A territory cannot be a party to  the Agreement however it may participate in SPREP Meetings with the authorisation of the country responsible for its foreign affairs (art.3.1).
Parties to Agreement Establishing SPREP, 1993
Country Signature Ratification or Accession Entry into force
Australia 21 September 1993 17 October 1994 31 August 1995
Cook Is  - 30 August 1995 (A) 30 Septemeber 1995
FSM 10 August 1993 19 January 1995 31 August 1995
Fiji 16 June 1993 12  October 1993 31 August 1995
France* 16 June 1993 11 July 1995 11 August 1995
Kiribati 16 June 1993 16 August 1994 31 August 1995
Marshall Is 16 June 1993 4 February 2003 (A) 6 March 2003
Nauru 16 June 1993 16 March 1994 31 August 1995
New Zealand** 10 August 1993 16 December 1993 31 August 1995
Niue 16 June 1993 31 July 1995 31 August 1995
Palau  - 18 August 2005 (A) 17 September 2005
PNG 29 September 1993 7 November 1994  31 August 1995
Samoa 16 June 1993 16 Septemeber 1993 31 August 1995
Solomon Is 16 June 1993 7 March 1996 07 April 1996
Tonga  - 15 September 1995 (A) 16 October 1995
Tuvalu 16 June 1993 17 November 1994 31 August 1995
UK***  - 17 November 2012 (A) 17 December 2012
USA**** 16 June 1993 14 July 2005 13 August 2005
Vanuatu 16 June 1993 31 August 2006 2 March 2006

* territories are: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna
** territority isTokelau
*** territory is Pitcairn Islands on whose behalf the UK could also have become a party to the Agreement, however the UK is now a party in its own right
**** territories are: American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands

Regional Conventions for which SPREP is Secretariat

For more information refer to Conventions Secretariat

Parties to Regional Conventions for which SPREP is Secretariat
Country Noumea Convention Waigani Convention (Apia Convention)
Australia (√)
Cook Is (√)
FSM
Fiji (√)
France (√)
Kiribati
Marshall Is
Nauru
New Zealand
Niue
Palau
PNG
Samoa (√)
Solomon Is
Tonga
Tuvalu
UK
USA
Vanuatu


Chronology of Intergovernmental Meetings (IGM), SPREP Meetings (SM) and Regional Convention COPs

Reports of meetings and other useful records are to be found in:

  • SPREP Meeting Reports and related documents: here
  • Noumea Convention Reports and Working Papers: here
  • Waigani Convention Reports and Working Papers: here

Chronology of Meetings 

Year

SM

Head

Conventions

Venue

Notes

1976


1980



1982









1985
    Apia Convention
adopted

SPREP established as a joint initiative of SPC and SPEC with funding from ESCAP and UNEP

Conference on the Human Environment in the South Pacific: 
(i) decides to set up SPREP as a separate entity within SPC; (ii) produces the SPREP Action Plan  for Managing the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific region

1986

Regional Conference

I. Reti

Noumea Convention adopted
Noumea

 Administrative planning

1988

2nd IGM

I. Reti

 
Noumea
Administrative planning

1990

3rd IGM

V. Fauvao

Apia Convention
enters into force
Noumea Convention enters into force
Noumea

SPREP as the South Pacific component of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme

July 1991 




October
1991

4th IGM





4th IGM  

Special session

V. Fauvao

1st Apia COP
1st Noumea COP

Noumea



Nukualofa

Action Plan 1991-1995

1992

5th IGM

V. Fauvao

 
Apia

SPREP relocated to Samoa
Financial Regulations
Staff Regulations

1993

6th SM

V. Fauvao

2nd Apia COP
2nd Noumea COP
Suva

Agreement Establishing SPREP

1994

7th SM

V. Fuavao

 
Tarawa

Rules of Procedure for the SPREP Meeting

1995

8th SM

 

V. Fuavao

Waigani Convention adopted
3rd Apia COP
3rd Noumea COP
Apia

Agreement Establishing SPREP enters into force
SPREP to act as Secretariat to Waigani Convention

1996

9th SM

V. Fuavao

D.Stewart

 
Nukualofa

Headquarters Agreement with Government of Samoa
Action Plan 1997-2000

1998

10th SM

T.Tutangata

4th Joint Meeting of Apia and Noumea Conventions
Apia

 

2000

11st SM

T.Tutangata

5th Joint Meeting
Agana

Action Plan 2001-2004
SPREP Meetings to be held annually

2001

12nd SM

T.Tutangata

Waigani Convention enters into force
Apia

 

2002

13rd SM

T.Tutangata

6th Joint Meeting
1st Waigani COP
Majuro

 

2003

14th  SM

A.Takesy

 

Apia

 

2004

15th SM

A.Takesy

7th Joint Meeting
2nd Waigani COP
Papeete

Action Plan 2005-2009
SPREP Strategic Programmes 2004-2013
Amendment to the Agreement Establishing SPREP (name change)

2005

16th SM

A. Takesy

 
Apia

 

2006

17th SM

A.Takesy

8th Joint Meeting
3rd Waigani COP
Noumea

Apia Convention is suspended

2007

18th SM

A.Takesy

 
Apia

 

2008

19th SM

A.Takesy

9th Noumea COP
4th Waigani COP
Pohnpei

 
STAC & SCPRC

2009

20th SM

D.Sheppard

 
Apia
 

2010

21st SM

D.Sheppard

10th Noumea COP
5th Waigani COP
Madang

Strategic Plan 2010-2015
STAC & SCPRC

2011

22nd SM

D.Sheppard

 
 Apia

 

2012

23rd SM

D.Sheppard

11th Noumea COP
6th Waigani COP
 Noumea

 

2013

24th SM

D.Sheppard

 
 Apia
 

 2014

25th SM

D.Sheppard

12th Noumea COP
7th Waigani COP
 Majuro

STAC & SCPRC
 

 
 
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