Governance

6

The Pacific Regional Environmental Programme started in 1973 as a programme within SPC and functioned as a Regional Seas programme of UNEP. During the 1980’s, the Programme has been expanded with convening of a number of regional conferences, as the 1982 South Pacific Conference of the Human Environment. Following long deliberations SPREP moved to Samoa in 1992 and was established as an independent inter-governmental organisation with the signing of the SPREP Agreement in Apia on 16 June 1993. 


SPREP is the region’s competent inter-governmental organization for environment and sustainable development, and is one of several inter-governmental agencies comprising the Council of Regional Organiations in the Pacific (CROP).
Under the agreement, the purposes of SPREP are to promote co-operation in the South Pacific Region and to provide assistance in order to protect and improve the environment and to ensure sustainable development for present and future generations (Art.2). 

Since 1995 SPREP has also been functioning as Secretariat of three regional conventions: 
the Apia Convention (suspended), The Noumea Convention and the Waigani Convention.   


Key information and documents:


Agreement Establishing SPREP

Depositary: Government of Samoa; Done: in Apia, 16 June 1993; Entered into force: 31 August 1995;
The organs of SPREP are: the SPREP Meeting and the Secretariat.
SPREP Secretariat Conventions 
Parties to the Agreement and Conventions 

As of March 2006, there were nineteen Parties: Pacific Island Countries and countries with direct interest in the Pacific Region. A Territory cannot be a Party to  the Agreement Establishing SPREP, however it may participate in SPREP Meetings with the authorisation of the country responsible for its foreign affairs (art.3.1).

Agreement Establishing SPREP
Country Signature Ratification or Accession Entry into force
Australia 21 September 1993 17 October 1994 31 August 1995
Cook Islands 30 August 1995 (A) 30 septemeber 1995
FSM 10 August 1993 19 January 1995 31 August 1995
Fiji 16 June 1993 12  October 1993 31 August 1995
France* 16 June 1993 11 July 1995 11 August 1995
Kiribati 16 June 1993 16 August 1994 31 August 1995
Marshall Islands 16 June 1993 4 February 2003 (A) 6 March 2003
Nauru 16 June 1993 16 March 1994 31 August 1995
New Zealand** 10 August 1993 16 December 1993 31 August 1995
Niue 16 June 1993 31 July 1995 31 August 1995
Palau 18 August 2005 (A) 17 September 2005
PNG 29 September 1993 7 November 1994  31 August 1995
Samoa 16 June 1993 16 Septemeber 1993 31 August 1995
Solomon Islands 16 June 1993 7 March 1996 07 April 1996
Tonga 15 September 1995 (A) 16 October 1995
Tuvalu 16 June 1993 17 November 1994 31 August 1995
UK***
USA**** 16 June 1993 14 July 2005 13 August 2005
Vanuatu 16 June 1993 31 August 2006 2 March 2006

Ratification of, or accession to, Regional Conventions for which SPREP is Secretariat
Country Noumea Convention Waigani Convention Apia Convention 
Australia 19 July 1989 17 August 1998 24 June 1987
Cook Islands 9 September 1987 30 October 2000  
FSM 28 November 1998 26 January 1996  
Fiji 18 September 1989 20 April 1996 8 September 1989
France* 17 July 1990   20 January 1989
Kiribati   28 June 2001  
Marshall Islands 4 May 1987    
Nauru 28 August 1995    
New Zealand** 3 May 1990 30 November 2000  
Niue   22 July 2003  
Palau      
PNG 15 September 1989 11 December 1995  
Samoa 23 July 1990 23 May 2001 20 July 1990
Solomon Islands 10 August 1989 7 October 1998  
Tonga   22 May 2003  
Tuvalu      
UK*** 10 June 1991    
Vanuatu      

* includes French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna
 
**includes Tokelau
***on behalf of Pitcairn Island
****includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands


Chronology of Intergovernmental (IGM), Conventions (COP) and SPREP (SM) Meetings

All the documents related to the meetings, the Conventions and other useful records (e.g. Reports, Working Papers, Strategic Plans) are to be found in:

  • SPREP Meeting Reports and other corporate documents: here
  • Noumea Convention Reports and Working Papers: here
  • Waigani Convention Reports and Working Papers: here

Chronology of Meetings 

Year

SM

Head

Conventions

Venue

Notable decisions

1976
1980
1982
1985
    Apia Convention is signed.  

SPREP established as a joint initiative of SPC and SPBEC with funding from UNEP and ESCAP;

Conference on the Human Environment in the South Pacific: 
(i) decides to set up SPREP as a separate entity within SPC
(ii) produces the SPREP Action Plan  for Managing the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific region;

Action Strategy for Nature Conservation in the Pacific Islands Region;

1986

Regional Conference

I. Reti

Noumea Convention is signed. 
Noumea

 Administrative planning

1988

2nd IGM

I. Reti

 
Noumea
Administrative planning

1990

3rd IGM

V. Fauvao

Apia Convention
enters into force.

Noumea Convention enters into force.
Noumea

SPREPas the South Pacific Component of the UNEP Regional Seas Programme.

July 1991 

October
1991

4th IGM


4th IGM  
Special session

V. Fauvao

1st Apia COP
1st Noumea COP

Noumea

Nukualofa

Action Plan 1991-1995
Various draft rules, regulations and plans
Ministerial segment
Budgetary and financial matters
Statement by Pitcairn and the UK

1992

5th IGM

V. Fauvao

 
Apia

SPREP relocated to Samoa
Financial Regulations
Staff Regulations

1993

6th SM

V. Fauvao

2nd Apia COP
2nd Noumea COP
Suva

SPREP holiday: 16 June each year
Provisional Terms of Reference for Director of SPREP

1994

7th SM

 

V. Fuavao

 
Tarawa

Corporate Plan 1994-1996
Rules of Procedure for the SPREP Meeting
Rules of Procedure for Appointment of Director
Action Strategy for Nature Conservation in the Pacific Islands Region 1994-1998

1995

8th SM

 

V. Fuavao

Waigani Convention is signed. 

3rd Apia COP
3rd Noumea COP
Apia

Agreement Establishing SPREP (1993) enters into force
SPREP to act as Secretariat to Waigani Convention
Revised Rules of Procedure for the SPREP Meeting

1996

9th SM

 

V. Fuavao

D.Stewart

 
Nukualofa

Headquarters Agreement signed 30 April 1996
Action Plan 1997-2000

1998

10th SM

T.Tutangata

4th Joint Meeting of Apia and Noumea Convention
(Joint Meeting)
Apia

Revised Financial Regulations   
Revised Rules of Procedure for Appointment of Director

2000

11st SM

T.Tutangata

5th Joint Meeting
Agana

Action Plan 2001-2004
Amended Rules of Procedure for Appointment of Director
SPREP Meetings to be held annually

2001

12nd SM

T.Tutangata

Waigani Convention enters into force.
Apia

Corporate Plan, 2001-2005
Amended Rules of Procedure for Appointment of Director

2002

13rd SM

T.Tutangata

6th Joint Meeting

1st Waigani COP
Majuro

Revised Scale of Members Contributions
Amended Staff Regulations (with HQA appended)
Revised Instructions to the Director of SPREP

2003

14th  SM

A.Takesy

 

Apia

Revised Members' Contributions Shares Allocation
Action Strategy for Nature Conservation in the Pacific Islands Region 2003-2007
Amended Staff Regulations (Higher Duties Allowance)

2004

15th SM

A.Takesy

7th Joint Meeting

2nd Waigani COP
Papeete

Action Plan 2005-2009
SPREP Strategic Programmes 2004-2013
Draft Resourcing Strategy
Triennial remuneration review on Professional Staff
Triennial remuneration review on Support Staff
Amendment to the Agreement Establishing SPREP (name change)
Revised Financial Regulations
Amended Staff Regulations (Recruitment)
ToR for the position of Director of SPREP

2005

16th SM

A. Takesy

 
Apia

Professional staff remuneration
IBPOW, PIROP, IWP, CMS, Bird Conservation
Solid waste, PI Territories
Appointment of Director

2006

17th SM

A.Takesy

6th Joint Meeting

3rd Waigani COP
Noumea

Triennial Remuneration
IWP, invasive species, MPAs, marine species
Shipping-related invasives, adaptation, PIREP, Montreal Protocol, GEF
Territories
Country profiles
AES
RIF

2007

18th SM

 

A.Takesy

 
Apia

Country profiles
MEA reporting
Genetic resources
Staff remuneration
Marine species, PILN, Year of the Reef
GEF, Montreal Protocol

2008

19th SM

A.Takesy

9th Noumea COP

4th Waigani COP
Pohnpei

 

2009

20th SM

D.Sheppard

 
Apia
 

2010

21st SM

D.Sheppard

10th Noumea COP

5th Waigani COP
PNG

 

2011

22nd SM

D.Sheppard

 
 Apia

 

2012

23rd SM

D.Sheppard

11th Noumea COP

6th Waigani COP
 Noumea

 

2013

24th SM

D.Sheppard

 
 Apia
 
 

 
 
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