Becoming a Party
The Convention is a regional multilateral agreement that expressly applies to the South Pacific Region. The States that can be a party to the Convention are those that have sovereignty on the areas established by the Convention.
The geographical coverage of the Convention or “Convention Area” extends to the South Pacific Countries and territories (territory cannot be a Party to the treaty however they can be a Party through the participation of the country responsible for its foreign affairs); their 200 nautical mile zones established in accordance with international law; and the areas of high sea which are enclose all by sides by EEZ of the South Pacific Countries.   

12 Countries are presently parties to the Convention: table of the parties with dates of signatures and ratifications.

The Convention is open for accession by the States which were invited to participate to the Plenipotentiary Meeting of the High Level Conference on the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region held at Noumea the 24th and 25th November 1986.
Any State that has not been invited to participate may accede to the Convention and to any Protocols subject to prior approval by three-fourths of the Parties to the Convention or Protocol concerned.

The Convention, the Protocols and the amendments are subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by States in order to produce their effects..

Instruments for joining the Convention and the Protocols:
 Ratification Noumea Convention  Instrument n.1
 Accession Noumea Convention  Instrument n.2
 Ratification of Protocols (generic template for any NC Protocol)  Instrument n.3
 Accession of Protocols (generic template for any NC Protocol)  Instrument n.4 
 Ratification of Noumea Convention, Dumping Protocol and Emergency Protocol  Instrument n.5 
 Accession of Noumea Convention, Dumping Protocol and Emergency Protocol  Instrument n.6

Information about the Convention (here)
Information about the Dumping and Emergency Protocols (here)
Information about the HNS Pollution Preparadness and Oil Pollution Preparadness (here

Admission of observers

According to the Rules of procedure of the Ordinary Meeting of the Noumea Convention can be invited as observers to the meetings and conferences:
  • any State or government invited to participate at the 1986 Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment  in the South Pacific Region which is not a contracting a party;
  • any other government or administration which is a member of SPREP;
  • any UN specialized agency, any intergovernmental organization or any national, regional or international organization which has direct concern in the protection of the natural resources and environment of the South Pacific Region.
Such observers may participate without vote in the deliberations of the meeting or conference. 

National Reporting 

Mandate: Parties to the Noumea Convention are required to transmit their national reports to the Secretariat.
Country Reports on the implementation of Party obligations under the Convention started becoming standard agenda items at the Fourth Meeting of the Parties. 
In that occasion, the Parties endorsed the Secretariat’s simplified guidelines for National Reports. The Parties agreed the Reports be lodged biennially and deposited with the Secretariat no less than three months prior to the Ordinary Meeting.

Frequency: Biannually. 

Procedures and processes of the Secretariat:
Every two years, close to the meeting of the Parties of the Convention,  the Secretariat sends a circular to all the focal points requesting them to submit, by a certain date, a report containing the information requested for the previous calendar biennium.
This procedure provides the opportunity for Parties to report on the implementation of their obligations over the past two years in monitoring national developments taking place consistent with the objectives of the Convention.

The format for national reporting can be found here: Format for National Report. 

Moreover in the agenda of each ordinary meeting a specific item is devoted to the discussion of the reports submitted by the Parties.