The Convention

Amendments

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Overview 
The Convention 
to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region, also known as Waigani Convention, entered into force in 2001.

The objective of the Convention is to reduce and eliminate transboundary movements of hazardous and radioactive waste, to minimize the production of hazardous and toxic wastes in the Pacific region and to ensure that disposal of wastes in the Convention area is completed in an environmentally sound manner.
The Waigani Convention is modelled on the Basel Convention and constitutes the regional implementation of the international hazardous waste control regime (Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions). There are however some differences between the two conventions: the Waigani Convention covers also radioactive wastes and extends to the Exclusive Economic Zone (200 nautical miles) rather than the territorial sea (12 nautical miles) under Basel.               
The Convention is also strongly related to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by dumping of wastes and other Matters, 1972 (London Convention).
 
                                                                       WaiganiFS

The Waigani Convention is an Annex-driven Convention: the obligations for the Parties to reduce and control movement and production of hazardous wastes extend to all the wastes contained in Annex I (Categories of wastes which are hazardous wastes) , or those that possess the characteristics contained in Annex II (List of hazardous caracteristics). 


Parties' commitments:

  • to take all appropriate measures to ban the import and export of hazardous waste to and from the Convention area (Art. 4.1);
  • to prohibit dumping of hazardous wastes and radioactive wastes in the Convention Area (4.2);
  • to ensure that within the areas of their jurisdiction the generation of hazardous wastes is reduced (art.4.4);
  • to ensure availability of adequate treatment and disposal facilities for the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes in the Convention Area (4.5);

Text of the Convention

The Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific Region.

Protocols

The Conference of the Parties may, at any ordinary meeting, adopt Protocols to the Convention. 
The text of any proposed Protocol shall be comunicated by the Secretariat to the Parties at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. 
The protocols should be adopted by consensus of the Parties, if no consensus can be reached the protocol should, at last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of Parties present and voting. 

Thus far no Protocols to the Waigani Convention have been adopted by the Parties.

Amendments

Amendments to the Convention can be adopted only at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties at which at least two-thirds of the Parties are represented (quorum). 
The text of any proposed amendment to the Convention shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least 6 months before the meeting at which is proposed for adoption. 
The amendments should be adopted by consensus of the Parties, if no consensus can be reached the amendment should, at last resort, be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of Parties present and voting (art.16).

Up to now no Amendments have been adopted. 


Conference of the Parties (COP)  

A Conference of Parties has been established through art. 13 as a body of the Convention. Ordinary meetings of the Conference of Parties shall be held at regulars intervals of two years. 

The major role of the COP is to keep under continous review and evaluation the effective implementation of the Convention. In particular the COP is requested to: 
a) Promote harmonization of appropriate legislation, policies, strategies, and measures in order to achieve the goals of the Convention.
b) Consider and adopt, where necessary, protocols or amendments to the Convention.
c) approve and examine the regular budget prepared by the Secretariat.  
d) establish or designate subsidiary bodies or agencies as are necessary for the implementation of the Convention. 

At its First meeting the COP adopted the: 
Key documents: 

Proceeding of Meetings: COP and STAC 
STAC Terms of Reference 

National Reporting and transmission of information 
Instrument of ratification:  template


Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee (STAC)
The Scientific and Technical Advisory Committe is a subsidiary body of the Waigani Convention. 
Its role is to assist the work of the Secretariat in pursuing the implemention of the Convention, specifically by:

a) examining the information provided by the Parties on the measures adopted to implement the Convention.
b) working with the Secretariat to develop plans, programms and measures related to the technical and scientific aspects of the Convention.
c) providing guidelines and standards fo the environmental sound management of hazardous wastes.
d) assisting in creating coordination between the Waigani and the other regional and global Conventions. 

The first meeting of the STAC has been held in Samoa from the 21st to the 23rd June of 2004.
Same as the COP the STAC meets intervals of two years. Normally it convenes some months before the Conference of Parties so that the output of the meeting can be shared by the Secretariat with the Parties.   

STAC Terms of Reference 
Proceeding of Meetings: COP and STAC