PEIN Country Profile and Virtual Environment Library
American Samoa is a small island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean and is vulnerable to climate change. There are limited natural freshwater resources in American Samoa and these may be adversely affected by a rise in the level of saltwater penetration under the island caused by sea level rises. In recent years the government have made investments to improve water catchments and pipelines. In the State of Environment Report it is recommended that to adapt to climate change citizens should be encouraged to supplement water needs with cisterns that collect rainwater, houses must be constructed a considerable distance from coastlines and phone and electricity lines should be relocated underground.
American Samoa has a total surface area of 199 square kilometres. It consists of five volcanic islands with jagged peaks and limited coastal plains and two coral atolls. It has a tropical climate moderated by southeast trade winds. There is minimal variation in seasonal temperature. American Samoa has a rainy season from November to April and a dry season from May to October. Typhoons are common from December to March. It is predicted that these will increase as a result of global warming.
The capital of American Samoa, Pago Pago, has one of the most valuable natural deepwater harbours in the South Pacific Ocean because its shape protects it from rough seas and the peripheral mountains shelter it from high winds. It is considered to be a strategic location in the South Pacific Ocean.
Sources: Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook, American Samoa (as at 29 September 2009); and Territory of American Samoa State of the Environment 2002.
Invasive alien species in the Austral-Pacific region: national reports and directory of resources [GISP] (2002; 3.75mb)
Invasives Species on Pacific Islands [reports] - HEAR / PIER project website
Ships' Waste Management in Pacific Islands Ports: Country reports
see also the archive of SPREP Country Reports between 1980-1983 as follows:
search also Reefbase Pacific online documents
see also Hardcopy reports held in the SPREP Library
see also Hardcopy reports held in the American Samoa Marine and Wildlife Library
Fruitbats of American Samoa
Managing Change: Population Pressure in American Samoa
American Samoa's Digital Library
The National Park of American Samoa staff have compiled a bibliography (with pdf copies) of Environmental Literature of the Samoan Archipelago. Excellent resource.
Pacific Environment Databases and Recommended Internet Resources