PEIN Country Profile and Virtual Environment Library

northern marianaNorthern Mariana Islands

Capital City: nomarian
Saipan

Region:
Micronesia - Pacific (Oceania)
Languages:
Chamorro, English
National Focal Points for Environment:
Coastal Resources Management Office
Division of Environmental Quality
Division of Fish & Wildlife


Overview

from EPA website

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) consists of a volcanic and limestone archipelago of 14 islands extending in a generally north-south direction for 338 nautical miles for a land area of 176 square miles. With almost 70,000 people, Saipan is the largest island (46 square miles), and is the urban, commercial and government center. Thousands of people also live on the islands of Rota (32 square miles) and Tinian (39 square miles) are largely rural.

In the past, much of the CNMI's recognition stemmed from its role in World War II, but in recent years, an expanding tourist market and garment manufacturing has become a large part of the economy. Yet, the median household income is 45% below the U.S. average. And growth has strained the ability of the local government to provide adequate infrastructure and environmental protection:

Saipan is the only municipality of its size in the United States without 24-hour water delivery. 
Saipan's water isn't drinkable because of its high salinity. 
For almost half of Saipans residents, water flows through their pipes only a few hours per day. 
The island of Saipan is littered with hundreds of thousands of rounds of unexploded ordnance. 
U.S. EPA supports the local leadership of the 50 staff of CNMI Division of Environmental Quality, and has worked with DEQ and others within CNMI to address these problems.

 

  • Country Profiles

  • Country Reports

  • Technical Reports

  • Multimedia

  • Country Websites

Country Profiles

Birdlife [Avifauna] ProfilesAvibase - Bird Checklists of the World - browsable by country and by individual island within the Pacific region - excellent data source

see also Species profiles [*For the Globally Threatened Birds (those evaluated as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable), each factsheet contains a summary account, range map and an illustration, plus additional data tables. For Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, Near Threatened, Least Concern and Data Deficient species, each contains a concise summary paragraph and some additional data tables.] [Birdlife International]
Northern Mariana Islands

see also Endemic Bird Areas [EBAs] of the Pacific [incl. Mariana Islands]see also Important bird areas of the Pacific [IBAs] (2010) [Birdlife Pacific]

IBA Profiles: 
Northern Mariana Islands

IBA Reports:
Northern Mariana Islands

* order the complete CD-ROM 'Important bird areas in the Pacific: a compendium' from theSPREP IRC

see also Pacific regional overview [Birdlife International] 
see also Globally Threatened Birds (those evaluated as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable) of Oceania [Birdlife International]
see also State of the World's birds website and report [Birdlife International] - including Pacific country case studies

Earthtrends Thematic Country Profiles [WRI]
Agriculture and food, Biodiversity and protected areas, Climate and atmosphere, Coastal and marine ecosystems, Economics, business and the environment, Energy and resources,environmental governance and institutions, Forests, grasslands and drylands, Population, health and human well-beingWater resources and freshwater ecosystems.

Ecoregion Profiles [World Wildlife Fund] 
Tropical & Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marianas [Northern Mariana Islands, Guam]

Environment Statistics - Country Snapshots [UN; 2009]
Northern Mariana Islands

Environmental Vulnerability Index - Country Profiles [SOPAC / UNEP]
Northern Mariana Islands

Fishbase Biodiversity Country Profiles (all fish)
Northern Mariana Islands

Forestry Country Profiles 
Forestry Department Country Profiles [FAO] 
Northern Mariana Islands

see also FAO Forest Resource Assessment : Country Reports [2010]
Northern Mariana Islands (2010; 208kb)

see also State of the World's Forests 2007: Asia and the Pacific [FAO] (2008; 1.77mb)
see also Tropical and subtropical forest profiles prepared by the World Wildlife Fund

Global Biodiversity Information Forum [GBIF] Country Profiles 
Northern Mariana Islands

see also GBIF Google Earth Country Links
Northern Mariana Islands

Invasive Species : Country Profiles [ISSG]
Northern Mariana Islands

see also PIER reports on invasive species in Pacific islands:
Commonwealth of the Northen Mariana Islands - Rota

see also NBII Invasive Species information Node profiles
Northern Mariana Islands

Land-based pollutants inventory for the South Pacific region: Part 2: Regional summary and country profiles [SPREP] (1993; 19mb)

Laws and legislation
SPREP National Laws and Legislation clearinghouse
Northern Mariana Islands

Mangrove and Wetlands Profiles
Wetlands in Oceania - country profiles and wetlands information [UNEP-WCMC] - Northern Mariana Islands 
see : A Directory of Wetlands in Oceania [1993]
see alsoWetlands of the Pacific Island Region (2008; 882kb)
see alsoIWMI Global Wetlands - Interactive Web Map Server - includes countries of Oceania 

Marine Resource Profiles

State of Coral Reef Systems
Northern Mariana Islands (2008; 3.96mb),

see also:

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2008 (2008)

The State of Coral Reef Ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States:2005 (2005; 5.47mb)

see also:

State of the marine environment in the South Pacific Region (1990; 3.48mb)

see also:

Reefbase Country Profiles (coral reefs, reef fish, biodiversity)
Northern Mariana Islands

see also GIS data for corals in the Pacific from Reefbase browse by country and reef profile
see also GIS data for marine protected areas in the Pacific from Reefbase - browse by country and ecosystem

see also:

NOAA's Coral Reef Information System - Pacific profiles
Northern Mariana Islands

see also:

Marine Resources Assessment for the Marianas Operating Area (2005; 15.28mb)

MPA Global Profiles (marine protected areas database)
Northern Mariana Islands

Pacific Biodiversity Information Forum Country Data:
Northern Mariana Islands

Pacific Regional information System - PRISM [SPC]
Environmental and Climate Statistics 
Northern Mariana Islands

Political Reviews [Contemporary Pacific]
Northern Mariana Islands

 

Protected Areas

Protected Planet - Search the World Database on Protected Areas
Protected area profiles in the Northern Mariana Islands

Reefbase GIS data for marine protected areas in the Northern Mariana Islands
see also GIS data for marine protected areas in the Pacific - browse by country and ecosystem

SocMon profiles (Socioeconomic Monitoring Initiative for Coastal Management ) - Pacific

Northern Mariana Islands

SPC Country Profiles:
Northern Mariana Islands

SPREP Country Profiles: Exchange of Information by Members at SPREP Annual Meetings:
- Exchamge of information by Members on National Developments related to Natural Resource Management Priority of the Action Plan [2007]

see Agenda Item 6.1: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the 18th SPREP Meeting of Officials in Apia, Samoa on 11th to 14th September 2007

- Exchange of information by Members on national developments related to Pollution Prevention priority of the SPREP Action Plan [2008]
see Agenda Item 8.6: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the19th SPREP Annual Meeting of Officials in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia on 8–12 September 2008

- Exchange of Information by Members on National Developments Related to the Climate Change Focus Area of the SPREP Action Plan [2009]
see Agenda Item 11.2: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the 20th SPREP Annual Meeting of Officials in Apia, Samoa on 17 - 20 November 2009

- Exchange of Information by Members on Year of Biodiversity [2010]
see Agenda Item 11.3: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the 21st SPREP Meeting of Officials in Madang, Papua New Guinea on 6-10 September 2010
see also individual profiles for: Wallis and Futuna

Threatened species: Summary of species on the 2008 IUCN Red List
Northern Mariana Islands

UNEP Country Profiles [* poorly maintained and little information available]
Northern Mariana Islands

Water Data Country Profiles [USGS]
Northern Mariana Islands

World Bank Environment indicators
Northern Mariana Islands

World Factbook Country Profiles [CIA]
Northern Mariana Islands

World Ocean Database 2005 [NOAA]
Geographically sorted data for the Pacific Ocean [datasets]

see also Environmental indicators: South Pacific (UNEP: 2004; 6.23mb) 
see also Paciifc Biodiversity Information Forum website and databases


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Country Reports

Demographic Baseline Report of U.S. Territories and Counties Adjacent to Coral Reef Habitats [NOAA] (2008; 3mb)
Northern Mariana Islands (2008; 5.77mb)

Fishery ecosystem plan for the Mariana Archipelago [WPRFMC] (2005; 2.31mb)

Mariana Islands Range Complex: Environmental Impact Statement
Volume 1 (37.5mb) ; Volume 2 (9.2mb)

Marine Resources Assessment for the Marianas Operating Area (2005; 15.28mb) 

National Invasive Species Strategy
Invasives reports: Northern Mariana Islands - Rota (2003; 195kb),

see also Invasive alien species in the Austral-Pacific region: national reports and directory of resources [GISP] (2002; 3.75mb)

see also Invasives Species on Pacific Islands [reports] - HEAR / PIER project website

Ships' Waste Management in Pacific Islands Ports: Country reports
Northern Mariana Islands

State [U.S.] Wildlife Action Plans [Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategies - CWCSs]
Northern Mariana Islands (2005; 6.4mb)


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Multimedia - posters, videos etc

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Websites

Division of Environmental Quality

Island Research and Education Initiative
Island Research & Educational Initiative (IREI) is a not-for-profit, non-governmental organization committed to upholding the unique environmental and cultural legacies of islands and island peoples. We initiate and implement our own projects and collaborate with like-minded groups. The scientific and educational work by IREI is carried out in direct response to specific concerns in specific locales.

Mariana Islands Nature Alliance

Micronesia Challenge

Micronesian Seminar

see also:

The Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Regional Frameworks and Strategies Directory [SPREP]

SPREP Library and IRC collection [SLIC] - includes online full text access to a wide range of Pacific environment materials.

The Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Virtual Library - full text publications from SPREP, SOPAC, SPC and other CROP agencies, Pacific govt. environment depts. , regional institutions, and NGOs active in the area of environment conservation.

Pacific Environment Databases and Recommended Internet Resources

see also:

SPREP's International Instruments' webpage
"International instruments relevant to SPREP's work in the areas of Sustainable Economic Development, Ecosystems Management, Climate Change, and Waste Management."


Academic literature and research

via Google Scholar


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