Fiji Flag

The nation of Fiji is comprised of over 300 islands, although only 110 of those are actually inhabited. Even without those uninhabited territories taken into account, this is a very sparsely populated nation. Fiji is located in Melanesia in the…

Adaptation Learning Mechanism [climate change adaptation] country profiles

Asian Development Bank Country Profiles and Strategies

Biosafety Profiles [CBD Biosafety Clearinghouse Mechanism]

Birdlife [Avifauna] Profiles

see also Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World - browsable by country and by individual island within the Pacific region - excellent data source

see also a checklists of birds of FIJI, AMERICAN SAMOA, NIUE, SAMOA, TOKELAU, TONGA, TUVALU AND WALLIS & FUTUNA compiled by Dick Watling

see also Species profiles [*For the Globally Threatened Birds (those evaluated as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable), each factsheet contains a summary account, range map and an illustration, plus additional data tables. For Extinct, Extinct in the Wild, Near Threatened, Least Concern and Data Deficient species, each contains a concise summary paragraph and some additional data tables.] [Birdlife International]

see also Important bird areas of the Pacific [IBAs] (2010) [Birdlife Pacific]

IBA Profiles: 

* order the complete CD-ROM 'Important bird areas in the Pacific: a compendium' from the SPREP IRC

see also Endemic Bird Areas [EBAs] of the Pacific [incl. Aitutaki Fiji ]

see also Pacific regional overview [Birdlife International] 
see also Globally Threatened Birds (those evaluated as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable) of Oceania[Birdlife International]
see also State of the World's birds website and report [Birdlife International] - including Pacific country case studies

Climate Lab profiles

Country Climate Profile [UNDP]
* Sourced from the Adaptation Learning Mechanism, a knowledge sharing platform developed by UNDP in partnership with the Global Environment Facility, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the World Bank, and the United Nations Environment Programme.

Earthtrends Thematic Country Profiles [WRI]
Agriculture and food, Biodiversity and protected areas, Climate and atmosphere, Coastal and marine ecosystems, Economics, business and the environment, Energy and resources, Environmental governance and institutions, Forests, grasslands and drylands, Population, health and human well-being, Water resources and freshwater ecosystems.

Ecoregion Profiles [World Wildlife Fund]
Tropical Moist Forests

Tropical & Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Endangered Species: Country Profiles:

see also Endangered species of Oceania
see also Globally Threatened Birds (those evaluated as Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable) of Oceania

Environment Statistics - Country Snapshots [UN; 2009]

Environmental Vulnerability Index - Country Profiles [SOPAC / UNEP]

EU Pacific Country Environment Profiles
Fiji (2006; 513kb)

see also EU Country Partnership Profiles [incl. environment and EDF10 strategies]

FAO Country Profiles and Mapping Information System

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Country Profiles 

Fishbase Biodiversity Country Profiles (all fish)

Fisheries Resources Profiles
Fiji (1994?; 704kb)

Forestry Country Profiles 
Forestry Department Country Profiles [FAO] 

see also FAO Forest Resource Assessment : Country Reports [2010]
Fiji (2010; 679kb)

see also FAO Forest Resources Assessments - Data collection for the Pacific region [2000]

see also State of the World's Forests 2007: Asia and the Pacific [FAO] (2008; 1.77mb)
see alsoTropical and subtropical forest profiles prepared by the World Wildlife Fund

Global Biodiversity Information Forum [GBIF] Country Profiles 

see also GBIF Google Earth Country Links

Global Environment Facility (GEF) Country Profiles
Use the drop down menu to go to the individual profiles - includes GEF-4 Allocation and Utilization , Approved Projects and Projects Under Preparation

Integrated Coastal Management Profiles

Integrated Water Resource Management Profiles [SOPAC]

Invasive Species : Country Profiles [ISSG]

Land-based pollutants inventory for the South Pacific region: Part 2: Regional summary and country profiles [SPREP] (1993; 19mb)

Laws and legislation

Pacific islands Environmental Laws [Commonwealth Secretariat]

SPREP National Laws and Legislation clearinghouse

see also 'Legislative reviews' in Country Reports (below)

Mangrove and Wetlands Profiles [ *from Proceedings of the Pacific Regional Workshop on Mangrove Wetlands Protection and Sustainable Use . SPREP, 2002.]
Fiji (2002; 247kb)

see also: A Directory of Wetlands in Oceania [1993]
see also: Wetlands of the Pacific Island Region (2008; 882kb)
see also: IWMI Global Wetlands - Interactive Web Map Server - includes countries of Oceania

Marine Resource Profiles

State of Coral Reef Systems
Fiji [GCRMB] (2007; 611kb), Fiji [CRISP] (2007; 4.6mb),

see also: State of the marine environment in the South Pacific Region (1990; 3.48mb)

see also:Reefbase Country Profiles (coral reefs, reef fish, biodiversity)Fiji

see also GIS data for corals in the Pacific from Reefbase - browse by country and reef profile
see also GIS data for marine protected areas in the Pacific from Reefbase - browse by country and ecosystem

MPA Global Profiles (marine protected areas database) Fiji

Mapservers containing country level data on land utilisation, forestry, minerals etc. Fiji

Millenium Development Goals - Country Profiles Fiji

National Communications Support Programme [Climate] Profiles [UNDP] Fiji

Pacific Biodiversity Information Forum Country Data: Fiji

Pacific Regional information System - PRISM [SPC]
Environmental and Climate Statistics  Fiji

Political Reviews [Contemporary Pacific] Fiji


Protected Areas

Pacific Islands Protected Areas Portal (PIPAP) (NEW)

Protected Planet - Search the World Database on Protected Areas

Protected area profiles in Fiji

Reefbase GIS data for marine protected areas in Fiji
see also Reefbase GIS data for marine protected areas in the Pacific - browse by country and ecosystem

SocMon profiles (Socioeconomic Monitoring Initiative for Coastal Management) - Pacific

SPC Country Profiles:

SPREP Country Profiles: Exchange of Information by Members at SPREP Annual Meetings:
- Exchamge of information by Members on National Developments related to Natural Resource Management Priority of the Action Plan [2007]

see Agenda Item 6.1: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the 18th SPREP Meeting of Officials in Apia, Samoa on 11th to 14th September 2007

- Exchange of information by Members on national developments related to Pollution Prevention priority of the SPREP Action Plan [2008]
see Agenda Item 8.6: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the19th SPREP Annual Meeting of Officials in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia on 8–12 September 2008

- Exchange of Information by Members on National Developments Related to the Climate Change Focus Area of the SPREP Action Plan [2009]
see Agenda Item 11.2: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the 20th SPREP Annual Meeting of Officials in Apia, Samoa on 17 - 20 November 2009

- Exchange of Information by Members on Year of Biodiversity [2010]
see Agenda Item 11.3: Country Profiles of the Report and record of the 21st SPREP Meeting of Officials in Madang, Papua New Guinea on 6-10 September 2010
see also individual profiles for: Wallis and Futuna

Sustainable Development Profiles (UN Agenda 21)

Threatened species: Summary of species on the 2008 IUCN Red List

UNCCD Country Profiles:

UNEP Country Profiles [* poorly maintained and little information available]

Water Resource Profiles [SOPAC - Pacific water -]

see also "Pacific Regional Consultation on Water in Small Island Countries" - country briefing papers (2003)

WHO Environmental Health Profiles 

World Bank Country Profiles [country summary / statistics]
Fiji / Fiji

World Bank Environment indicators

World Factbook Country Profiles [CIA]

World Ocean Database 2005 [NOAA]
Geographically sorted data for the Pacific Ocean [datasets]

see also Environmental indicators: South Pacific (UNEP: 2004; 6.23mb)
see also Polynesia / Micronesia Biodiversity Hotspot Ecosystem Profile (2007; 1.16mb)

see also Paciifc Biodiversity Information Forum website and databases

 Asian Development Bank Country Environmental Analysis Reports
Fiji (2005; 590kb)

Barbados Programme of Action + 10 (BPoA) 
National Assessment Reports: Fiji (2003; 396kb),

Pacific Environment Outlook (2005; 30.99mb)

The Conference on Small Island Developing States (Barbados Conference, 1994) highlighted the importance of island biodiversity as an ecological corridor linking major areas of biodiversity around the world. The conference called for international co-operation and partnership to support the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in their efforts to conserve, protect and restore their ecosystems. The Barbados Plan of Action recognizes the importance of the coastal zone as a source of subsistence and economic development.

Commission on Sustainable Development (Agenda 21)
Fiji (260kb) - see also Fiji

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES)
Annual Reports:
Fiji (2007; 1.15mb)

Disasters and Climate Variability in the Pacific Islands: WORLD BANK regional stocktake- Country Assessment:
Fiji (2009; 514kb)

Legislative Reviews 
Fiji (1992; 5.53mb), Fiji (2006; 261kb)

see also:
Marine turtle legislative reviews:
Fiji (2010; 609kb)

Mauritius Strategy + 5 Review: National Assessment Reports [5-year Review of Progress Made in Addressing Vulnerabilities of Small Islands Developing States Through Implementation of the Mauritius Strategy for Further Implementation (MSI) of the
Barbados Programme of Action (BPOA) ] 

Fiji (2010; 1.36mb)

Millenium Development Goals National Reports
Fiji (2004; 482kb)

Pacific Islands Regional MDG - Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability (2004; 324kb)
Pacific Islands Regional MDG Full Report

see also ADB Key Indicators 2006 for progress towards Millenium Development Goal 7: ensuring environmental sustainability (2006)

see also Millenium Ecosystem Assessment Website and Reports

National Action Programmes (NAP) to combat land degradation [UNCCD]
Fiji (2007; 572kb)

National Air Pollution Control Strategies
Fiji (2007; 219kb)

National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plans (NBSAP)
Fiji (1999; 1.86), Fiji (2007 rev.; 8.7mb)

see also Implementation framework 2010-2014 for the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2007 : Fiji Islands - (2010,4.8MB)

see also National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans: Pacific Regional Review (2007; 269kb)

National Capacity Self Assessment (NCSA)
Inception Report: 
Fiji (2008; 17.4mb)

Stocktake Report:
Fiji (2008; 27mb)

Thematic Assessment Reports:
Biodiversity: Fiji (2008; 121kb) 
Climate Change: Fiji (2008; 1.33mb)
Land degradation: Fiji (2008; 627kb)

Cross-cutting Analysis: Fiji (2008; 1.2mb)

Action Plans:
Fiji (2009; 1.45mb)

NCSA Status (NCSA website)

National Environment Management Strategy (NEMS) 
Fiji (1993; 17.62mb)

National Integrated Water Resource Management : Diagnostic Reports - drafts only [SOPAC]
Fiji (2007; 350kb)

National Marine Spill Contingency Plan "NatPlan"

National Climate Change Policy
Fiji (2012, 2MB) NEW!!

Fiji 2008-2010 (2008; 1.02mb)

Fiji National Solid Waste Management Strategy 2011-2014 (NEW)

see also Fiji National Liquid Waste Management Strategy and Action Plan (2007) 
see also Fiji Solid Waste Characterisation and Management Plan (2000; 289kb),

National [Sustainable] Development Plans / Strategies [ForumSec]
Fiji: 2001-2020 (2002; 776kb) / Fiji: 2007-2011 (2006; 2.51mb) / Draft Peoples Charter for Change, Peace and Progress (2008; 1.78mb)

National Assessment Reports: Fiji (2006; 200kb)

Indicators: Fiji (2003; 19kb)

ADB Reports: Fiji (2004; 386kb)

Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change [PACC] - reports, activities and PACC news updates

Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change [PACC] - report of in-country consultations 
Fiji (2009; 169kb)

Pacific Regional Consultation on Water in Small Island Countries - Country briefings
Fiji (2003; 170kb)

Pacific Regional Energy Assessment: Country Reports (PIREP) 
Fiji (2004; 2.64mb)

Regional overview report (2004; 2.59mb)

Peristant Organic Pollutants (POPs): Country Plans
Fiji (2003; 915kb)

National Implementation Plans
Fiji (2006; 7.75mb)

The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel Convention, 1989), the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent (PIC) Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade (Rotterdam Convention, 1998) and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) (Stockholm Convention, 2001) together provide an international framework for the environmentally sound management of hazardous chemicals throughout their life cycles.

Priority Environmental Concerns (PECs) Reports
Fiji (2004; 323kb)

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands: Country reports to the RAMSAR CoPs
National Reports submitted to the 10th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (2008)
Fiji (2008; 207kb)

National reports to the 4th Oceania Regional meeting for the RAMSAR COP10 10-11 April 2008, Apia Samoa 

Sea Level & Climate: their present state: Country reports
Fiji (2006; 2.76mb)

Ships' Waste Management in Pacific Islands Ports: Country reports

State of the Environment Reports
Fiji (1992; 20.6mb)

see also State of the Environment of the South Pacific 1983 (UNEP: 1983; 1.66mb)
see also State of the marine environment in the South Pacific Region (1990; 3.48mb)
see also State of the Environment of the South Pacific 2005 (2005; 382kb; see also ~ ~) 
see also Regional perspectives: Asia and the Pacific (UNEP, GEO-4. 2007; 382 kb)

see also the archive of SPREP Country Reports between 1980-1983 as follows:
Fiji (1980; 1.05mb)

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED: Brazil, 1992)
Country Reports : Fiji (1992: 6.12mb)

The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED, 1992) and the Rio Declaration highlighted the need for sustainable development-socially responsible economic development that protects the resource base and the environment for the benefit of future generations. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which was one of the outcome instruments of the UNCED process, also highlights the need for conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD)
National Reports: Fiji 1 (1997 ; 83kb), Fiji 2 (2001 ; 319kb)

Fourth National Reports: 
Fiji (2010; 3.18mb)

see also Country profiles compiled by the Secretariat for the UNCBD.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which was one of the outcome instruments of the UNCED process, highlights the need for conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (Land Degradation) (UNCCD)
National Reports: 
First National Report: Fiji (2000; 159kb)

Second National Reports: Fiji (2002; 510kb)

Third National Report: Fiji (2006 ; 668 kb)

National Action Plans: Fiji (2007; 572kb)

see also UNCCD Country Profiles:

see also UNCCD Reports clearinghouse mechanism

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification is an agreement to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
(i) National Communications and In-depth Reviews
Fiji (2005; 6.29mb)

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC,1992) is concerned with global warming and the consequent rise in sea levels that may result in the flooding of coastal areas, and submerging islands, which could adversely affect coastal communities. The treaty aims at reducing emissions of greenhouse gas in order to combat global warming. Although the treaty as originally framed set no mandatory limits on greenhouse gas emissions for individual nations and contained no enforcement provisions; it did include provisions for updates (called "protocols") that would set mandatory emission limits. The principal update is the Kyoto Protocol.

World Summit on Sustainable Development [Rio+10 - Johannesburg 2002]
Country profiles: Fiji (2002; 376kB)

Pacific WSSD Regional Assessment (2002; 91kb) and Pacific Position Paper (2004; 91kb)
see also: Synthesis Report for Asia and the Pacific (2001; 1.22mb)

The WSSD Plan of Implementation calls for the management of the natural resources base in a sustainable and integrated manner. In this regard, to reverse the current trend in natural resource degradation as soon as possible, it is necessary to implement strategies which should include targets adopted at the national and, where appropriate, regional levels to protect ecosystems and to achieve integrated management of land, water and living resources, while strengthening regional, national and local capacities.

The Johannesburg Declaration and the Plan of Implementation arising from the World Summit for Sustainable Development (WSSD, 2002) reconfirmed the commitment of States to advance and strengthen the interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development-economic development, social development and environmental protection-at the local, national, regional and global levels.

Fiji Environment Department - Reports and documents collection

Annual Reports - 2005, 2006, 2007

Strategies and Policies
Air Pollution Control Strategy
National Environment Strategy
NBSAP 2007
Liquid Waste Management Strategy
National Solid Waste Management Strategy

Acts and Regulations
Environment Impact Assesment Process Reg 2007
Waste Disposal & Recycling Reg 2007
Environment Management Act 2005
EPS Reg 2003
EPS Act 2002
FIJI ODS Reg 2000
FIJI ODS Act 1998

for more acts and regulations see National legislation

Legislation and cases can be found on the Paclii site. Important environmental laws include:

Birds and Game Protection Act [Cap 170]

Endangered and Protected Species Act 2002

Endangered and Protected Species Regulations 2003

Environment Management Act 2005

Fisheries Act [Cap 158]

Fisheries (Protection of Turtles) (Amendments) Regulations 2004

Forest Decree 1992

Land Conservation and Improvement Act [Cap 141]

Land Development Act [Cap 142]

Litter Decree 1991 
Litter Promulgation 2008
Litter (Amendment) Decree 2010

Natural Disaster Management Act 1998

Rivers and Streams Act [Cap 136]

Ozone Depleting Substances Act 1998

Town Planning Act [Cap 139] 

Bouma National Heritage Park

Fiji Govt.

Fiji Department of Environment

Fiji Meteorological Office

Mamanuca Environment Society

Namena Marine Reserve

National Capacity Self Assessment (NCSA) project website - see Publications

National Trust of Fiji
"The National Trust of Fiji (NTF), a statutory body funded jointly by the Fiji Government, independent donors and multi-lateral projects, was established in 1970 to provide for the protection of Fiji’s natural, cultural and national heritage. It is the only National Trust of the South Pacific region and Specializes in both the natural and cultural aspects of heritage conservation."

"NatureFiji-MareqetiViti is Fiji’s only domestic NGO working solely for the conservation and sustainable management of Fiji’s unique natural heritage. We aim to generate enthusiasm and local expertise in all matters associated with wildlife conservation and management through raising the level of conservation and environmental awareness and education."

Waitabu Marine Reserve website [Fiji]

see also:

The Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Regional Frameworks and Strategies Directory [SPREP]

SPREP Library and IRC collection [SLIC] - includes online full text access to a wide range of Pacific environment materials.

The Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Virtual Library - full text publications from SPREP, SOPAC, SPC and other CROP agencies, Pacific govt. environment depts. , regional institutions, and NGOs active in the area of environment conservation.

Pacific Environment Databases and Recommended Internet Resources

see also:

SPREP's International Instruments' webpage
"International instruments relevant to SPREP's work in the areas of Sustainable Economic Development, Ecosystems Management, Climate Change, and Waste Management."