9 August 2019, Apia, Samoa – A consensus needs to be reached on the role of the Pacific Meteorological Council (PMC) and/or National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in monitoring, researching, educating and coordinating national and regional responses to Ocean Acidification.
Dr Robert Duncan McIntosh presented a working paper drafted by the Pacific Islands Marine and Ocean Services (PIMOS) Panel of the PMC which stimulated discussion during the afternoon session of the 5th meeting of the PMC, PMC-5, which is being held at the Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi Convention Centre in Apia, Samoa.
Ocean Acidification occurs when the emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is absorbed by the ocean, changing the chemistry of seawater.
Ocean Acidification was identified as a priority by Directors of Pacific NMHS during the PMC-4 in Honiara, Solomon Islands, in 2017. Since then, there has been an increase in OA work in the Pacific Island region – specifically by the NZ-Pacific Partnership on Ocean Acidification (PPOA), the Pacific Islands and Territories Ocean Acidification network (PI-TOA), and the Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST).
The PPOA project is a collaborative effort between the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), the University of the South Pacific (USP) and the Pacific Community to build resilience to ocean acidification in Pacific island communities and ecosystems. It is supported by Government of New Zealand through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Government of the Principality of Monaco.
The PI-TOA, a regional hub of the Global Ocean Acidification Observing Network, provides a platform for increased collaboration and communication amongst the various Pacific island countries and territories., a need that has been identified as capacity for ocean acidification monitoring increases in the region.
Members of the PI-TOA are currently involved in researching and monitoring Ocean Acidification at USP and other national universities and research stations around the region.
Finally, the KIOST is currently establishing Ocean Acidification monitoring buoys in Pacific island countries, including Federated States of Micronesia, Palau and Samoa.
Director of the Samoa Meteorological Service, Mulipola Ausetalia Titimaea, also added that the Samoa Met Office is currently in discussion with the Samoan government regarding the establishment of a national-level body for coordination of Ocean Acidification work in Samoa.
But there is a need for more work to be done.
Dr McIntosh concluded by saying that “The PMC recognises that this is an important area for investments and calls for more donor support for regional and national-scale Ocean Acidification work to address the needs of countries in addressing Ocean Acidification.”
The PMC- 5 is hosted in Apia, Samoa from 7 – 9 August.
The Fifth Pacific Meteorological Council (PMC-5) follows a range of pre-PMC meetings which were held in Apia, Samoa from 29 July - 6 August, 2019. The PMC-5 is supported by a strong partnership between the following: The Government of Samoa, the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Government of Australia through the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Government of Canada, Government of Korea, Climate Risk Early Warning Systems (CREWS), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), IMPACT Project, Varysian, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Climate and Oceans Support Programme in the Pacific (COSPPac), and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).